Glan Taylor Polarizer™

Our Glan-Taylor Polarizer has a wavelength range from 350 nm to 2300 nm. This efficient Vis-NIR polarizer is made from two calcite prisms assembled with an air spaced interface. The Glan-Taylor Polarizer is compact, making it perfect for applications where there are space constraints. This polarizer is ideal for removing interference fringes from transmission spectra recorded at Brewster's angle and for obtaining optimum sensitivity for specullar reflectance measurements.

The polarizer is supported in a fully rotable holder on a sample slide plate and is readily mounted in-line with other accessories.

Glan Taylor Polarizer™
Vis-NIR Polarizer
Model No.
PGT-S1V
Price
N/A
NOTE: A Model No. ending in "XXX" denotes spectrometer code.

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Features
  • Wavelength range: 350 nm to 2300 nm.
  • Made from UV selected calcite.
  • Extinction Ratio: <5x10-5.
  • Useful Field Angle (see graph in Additional Information)
  • Beam Deviation: 0°5'.
  • Clear Aperture: 12 mm diameter.
  • Slide plate mounted in a fully rotatable holder with an angular scale.
  • Length in the beam direction: 0.93".
 
Model No. Product Description Price
BXH-S1G Brewster's Angle Sample Holder

Variable angle transmission accessory for UV-Vis and FTIR

N/A
DPS-R4V Depolarizer

Polarization scrambler for Vis-NIR

N/A
PTH-SMP Glan Thompson Polarizer™

Vis-NIR Polarizer

N/A
VAT2-XXX Variable Angle Transmission Accessory

Transmission measurements of solids up to 6mm thick

N/A
VRX-XXX Variable Angle Reflection Accessory

Variable angle specular reflection accessory

N/A
Glan Taylor Polarizer

The Glan Taylor Polarizer is made of two right-angled prisms of calcite. Since calcite is a birefringent material, two of the crystalline axes (y- and z-axes) are equivalent in terms of their structure and crystalline forces. The third axis (x-axis) is unique and is called the optical axis. The electric field of light that propagates through the crystal perpendicular to the optical axis generally has the electric field components parallel and perpendicular to the optical axis. The component of the electric field parallel to the optical axis (e-wave) “sees” different crystalline structure than the component perpendicular to the axis (o-wave) and thus ‘sees’ a different refractive index. For calcite, the refractive indices for o-waves and e-waves are 1.6584 and 1.4864 respectively. This gives total internal reflection critical angles of 37.08° for the o-wave and 42.28° for the e-wave when in contact with air. This means that for any angle between these two values, the o-wave will be totally reflected but the e-wave will be partially transmitted. This gives linear polarization since only the e-ray emerges.

Figure 1. The Glan–Taylor Polarizer reflects s-polarized light at the internal gap and transmits only the p-polarized component. The optical axes are vertical in the plane of the diagram.

The Glan Taylor Polarizer is designed so the optical axis of the calcite is aligned perpendicular to the plane of reflection. When collimated light is directed into the polarizer at normal incidence, it transmits through the first prism to the interface. The s-polarized light internally reflects at the interface and is directed to a blackened surface to be absorbed. The p-polarized light is transmitted through the interface and through the second prism. The angle of incidence at the gap is chosen close to Brewster’s angle to reduce the reflection of the wanted p-polarization.

Since the Glan Taylor polarizer is made of two prisms, it is not a symmetrical optical system. Its polarized field or acceptance angle, as determined by critical angles of ordinary and extra-ordinary polarizations, is not symmetrical to its optical axis. This asymmetry is shown in Figure 2 and is given as semi-polarized field angles on either side of the optical axis.

Figure 2. Glan Taylor Polarizer polarized field or acceptance angle.

The efficiency of Glan Taylor Polarizer is typically measured and reported using collimated light at a single wavelength (633nm). Under these conditions, the efficiency is not a strong function of wavelength provided that the calcite prisms are made from pure and bubble-free material.

In practice, Glan Taylor Polarizers are frequently used with focused beams, as are present in many commercial UV-Vis-NIR spectrometers. Thus, the light impinging on the front face of the Glan Taylor Polarizer is not a collimated beam but actually contains a distribution of rays around normal incidence. Any rays of unwanted polarization that are below the critical angle for total internal reflection are transmitted through the interface, thereby degrading efficiency.